return to homepage Abstract: I will show that the "missing mass" is lost within our misunderstood field equations; it is not lost somewhere out in the dark regions of space. Once you have fully absorbed that, you will have understood that calculating the true mass in this way must vastly increase the total mass of the universe. Over any dt, the mass of any material object is determined by the gravitational acceleration caused by that object during that time, by definition. But up to now, we have only been measuring a compound acceleration, which is the differential of the gravitational acceleration and the foundational E/M acceleration. That is, operationally, we can only measure with our instruments the force due to gravity minus the force due to the mass or momentum of all the radiation. Therefore the true mass must be the measured mass plus the mass of the radiation. Also notice that this change in mechanics gives us a double addition of mass to the universe, since we gain both the mass of the radiation itself as well as the higher true mass of the radiating particle. Both these statements are true: 1) The mass of the radiating particle must be greater than the mass measured by our instruments, since our instruments measure a compound mass. 2) The radiation itself has mass or mass equivalence due to energy, which is a second addition to the total mass of the universe. A radiating particle does not lose mass, which means that the “holes” left by radiation are filled by some creative means. Radiating quantum particles do not dissolve or diminish. This is known. Therefore "creation" happens at all times, from every material point. The universe is banging all the time. Of course this immediately and simply explains the "mass deficit" in the universe and in current theory. We don't need massive amounts of dark matter or any other ad hoc fixes, since I have just shown the missing matter and energy. All we had to do is define our charge field as a mechanical field instead of as pencil lines or probabilities and we could have avoided this mess from the beginning.Up to now, this extra mass has been hidden in two places, lost there by two fundamental logical errors. As I said, the first error was in not defining the charge field mechanically or physically. The charge field must have mass or mass equivalence. The second error has been in misunderstanding Newton's equation. Newton's equation has always included this foundational E/M or charge field, but no one has seen that. Newton's equation applied to a unified field from the beginning, but he did not see that, and no one since has seen that. His field and equations have been assigned only to gravity. But his numbers are unified field numbers. In this way, both the charge field and the mass of that field have been lost to history, until now. In the same way, the field of QED is also an unrecognized unified field. The charge field is the same unified field as Newton's unified field, with only one difference. In Newton's equations, it is the charge field that is ignored; but in QED it is gravity that is ignored. Newtons assumed that all motions at his level were caused by gravity. He was wrong. QED assumes all motions at its level are caused by E/M. It is also wrong. At all levels, all motions are caused by the unified field. And, as I have just shown, recognizing this fact completely revolutionizes the vector mechanics. Once the vector mechanics of this pretty simple unified field is sorted out, we find two sources of new mass. Because the unified field is a differential vector field, one component of the field was completely masked by the other one. Once we recognize the existence of this other field, and recognize that this field must be a physical field, we must also recognize an entire new source of mass. This solves, with one stroke of the pen, the entire mystery of the Cosmic Mass Deficit. Addendum, 2010: I have now calculated a mass for the charge field, proving that it outweighs the "matter field" by a ratio of 19 to 1. This matches the 95% number we get for dark matter. Dark matter is the charge field. It is not non-baryonic, it is photonic. With equally simple math, I calculate the density of the charge field. It is about 1/12,000 that of normal matter. High mass, low density, just like the WIMPs wanted. If this paper was useful to you in any way, please consider donating a dollar (or more) to the SAVE THE ARTISTS FOUNDATION. This will allow me to continue writing these "unpublishable" things. Don't be confused by paying Melisa Smith--that is just one of my many |